12种不同类型的领导风格

根据asaecenter的研究,领导风格是一个人利用权力领导他人的方式。研究根据追随者的数量确定了多种领导风格。最合适的领导风格取决于领导者的职能、追随者和形势。

Some leaders cannot work comfortably with a high degree of followers’ participation in decision-making. Some employers lack the ability or the desire to assume responsibility.

Furthermore, the specific situation helps determine the most effective style of interactions. Sometimes leaders must handle problems that require immediate solutions without consulting followers.

What are Different Types of Leadership Styles?

We have covered 12 different types of ways people tend to lead organizations or other people. Not all of these styles would fit every situation, but you can read them through to see which one fits your company.

1. Autocratic Leadership

Autocratic leadership style is centered on the boss. In this leadership the leader holds all authority and responsibility. In this leadership, leaders make decisions on their own without consulting subordinates.

They reach decisions, communicate them to subordinates and expect prompt implementation. An autocratic work environment normally has little or no flexibility.

In this kind of leadership, guidelines, procedures and policies are all natural additions of an autocratic leader. Statistically, there are very few situations that can actually support autocratic leadership.

Some of the leaders that display this kind of leadership include: Albert J. Dunlap (Sunbeam Corporation) and Donald Trump (Trump Organization), among others.

Steve Jobs is another leader who was famous for using fear to inspire people to get their work done. This leadership style can obviously stifle the leader’s subordinates, but can also be useful in a crisis when important decisions need to be made without delay. You can read leadership quotes by Steve Jobs and many other visionary leaders.

2. Democratic Leadership

In this leadership style, subordinates are involved in making decisions. Unlike the autocratic style, this leadership is centered on subordinates’ contributions. The democratic leader holds final responsibility, but he or she is known to delegate authority to other people, who determine work projects.

The most unique feature of this leadership is that communication is active upward and downward. With respect to statistics, democratic leadership is one of the most preferred styles of leadership, and it entails the following: fairness, competence, creativity, courage, intelligence and honesty.

George Washington was a leader who was famous for his democratic focus. Medical and high-tech industries fit well with a democratic leadership style because they require a high amount of collaboration to function.

3. Strategic Leadership Style

Strategic leadership is one that involves a leader who is essentially the head of an organization. The strategic leader is not limited to those at the top of the organization. This style is geared to a wider audience at all levels who want to create a high performance life, team or organization.

The strategic leader fills the gap between the need for new possibility and the need for practicality by providing a prescriptive set of habits. Effective strategic leadership delivers the goods in terms of what an organization naturally expects from its leadership in times of change. 55% of this leadership normally involves strategic thinking.

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Sports is clearly an area where we can observe many leadership styles, and one in which strategy is crucial. Hockey player and coach Wayne Gretzky is well-known for his skill in strategizing.

Strategic leaders anticipate future needs and make decisions in the present to meet those needs. Gretzky famously said, “‘I skate to where the puck is going to be, not where it has been.”

4. Transformational Leadership

Unlike other leadership styles, transformational leadership is all about initiating change in organizations, groups, oneself and others.

Transformational leaders motivate others to do more than they originally intended and often even more than they thought possible. They set more challenging expectations and typically achieve a higher performance.

据统计,变革型领导往往有更多的忠诚和满意的追随者。这主要是因为变革型领导者赋予追随者权力。

统计学家和工程师威廉·爱德华兹·戴明(WilliamEdwardsDeming)是一位领导者,他看到了某些系统可以运行的最佳方式,并教会了他手下的人如何实现这些目标。

5、团队领导

团队领导涉及到创建一幅生动的团队未来图景,它将走向何方,它将代表什么。愿景激发并提供强烈的目标感和方向感。

团队领导是指与所有相关人员的心灵和思想一起工作。它还认识到,团队合作可能并不总是涉及信任的合作关系。

这种领导力最具挑战性的方面是它是否会成功。 根据《哈佛商业评论》,团队领导可能会因为领导素质差以及其他挑战而失败。例如,如果团队保持一致,航空公司的飞行机组将更有效率。

研究表明,长期合作的团队比没有合作的团队更有效。但是,由于让机组人员聚在一起成本高昂,机组人员一直在更换成员。像这样的情况只是团队面临的挑战的一个例子。

6、跨文化领导力

这种领导形式通常存在于社会上有各种文化的地方。这种领导地位也已工业化,以表彰在当代全球化市场中工作的领先者。

组织,尤其是国际组织,需要能够有效调整领导能力以适应不同环境的领导者。由于在美国生活和工作的文化不同,大多数领导环境都是跨文化的。

One example of a cross-cultural leader in sports is quarterback and Heisman Trophy winner Mariota Marcus. His Hawaiian background caused him to be an unpretentious player, in contrast to being a more aggressive one, yet he was still successful.

7. Facilitative Leadership

Facilitative leadership is dependent on measurements and outcomes – not a skill, although it takes much skill to master. The effectiveness of a group is directly related to the efficacy of its process. If the group is high functioning, the facilitative leader uses a light hand on the process.

On the other hand, if the group is low functioning, the facilitative leader will be more directive in helping the group run its process. An effective facilitative leadership involves monitoring group dynamics, as well as offering process suggestions and interventions to help the group stay on track.

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8. Laissez-faire Leadership

Laissez-faire leadership gives authority to employees. According to azcentral, departments or subordinates are allowed to work as they choose with minimal or no interference. According to research, this kind of leadership has been consistently found to be the least satisfying and least effective management style.

But to a certain extent, delegating is necessary. Famous historical projects led by laissez-faire leaders include the building of the Panama Canal and the Hoover Dam. With both projects, the presidents involved had to delegate many responsibilities in order to succeed.

Completion of Panama Canal in 1904 was a complicated feat. This was only made possible when American President of that time Theodore Roosevelt decided to lead this project. The successful completion of Panama Canal is an engineering marvel, because of its geographical location it came across several road blocks and incidents, but all hurdles were overcome as authority was correctly delegated to professionals.

9、交易型领导

这是一种维持或延续现状的领导风格。领导层也参与了一个交流过程,通过这个过程,追随者可以在执行领导命令的过程中获得即时、切实的回报。交易型领导力听起来相当基础,其重点是交流。

清晰、关注期望、提供反馈都是重要的领导技能。交易型领导行为可以包括:明确对追随者表现的期望,解释如何满足这些期望,以及根据实现目标分配奖励。

10、辅导领导力

指导领导力包括教导和监督追随者。在结果/绩效需要改进的环境中,教练领导具有高度的可操作性。

基本上,在这种领导下,追随者可以提高他们的技能。指导领导力可以做到以下几点:激励追随者,激励追随者,鼓励追随者。

网球教练尼克·博莱蒂里(NickBollettieri)和狗行为主义者塞萨尔·米兰(CesarMilan)就是一些通过指导来领导球队的人。

11、魅力领导力

在这种类型的领导中,魅力领袖体现了他或她的革命力量。魅力并不意味着纯粹的行为改变。它实际上涉及追随者价值观和信仰的转变。

因此,魅力领袖不仅仅是影响对特定对象态度的民粹主义领袖。相反,这些领导人改变了构成具体态度的基本规范取向。

有魅力的领导者往往具有强大的个性,并吸引大批追随者。巴拉克·奥巴马和奥普拉·温弗瑞就是这样的领导人。

12. Visionary Leadership

This form of leadership involves leaders who recognize that the methods, steps and processes of leadership are all obtained with and through people.

Most great and successful leaders have some sort of vision for where they are going. However, there are those who are highly visionary in their leadership.

Examples of leaders who had powerful and inspirational visions include Nelson Mandela and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Outstanding leaders will always transform their visions into realities.

Image Credits: Pexels / Rawpixel

Ahmad in a nutshell is product of passion, enthusiasm and adventure. He loves to write around anything that involves behaviors, art, business and what makes people happier.

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71 Comments

  1. kashif khan 说:

    Very nice lecture. There are too many leadership styles! come to think of it, which one is the most effective of them all and which one is widely used? What sort of style do parents exercise on their kids, and which one is most effective?

    • patience 说:

      pls I need info on servant leadership style

      • Adarsh 说:

        Servant leadership is a one of the types of Democratic in which one person advice than other responsible person do the work with their job description.
        Adarsh Uppadhayay
        M. Sc. Nursing student
        Community

        • Themba 说:

          Servant leadership is more focused on people and the leader sacrifices his priorities for people. People are given an opportunity by the leader and their preferences are prioritised.

      • Chere 说:

        thank you, can you say more on military leadership

        • Grace Oshun 说:

          Military leadership is largely Autocratic – the leader gives order and the followers obey without questioning. The leader does not consult or seek the opinion of his subordinates. His word is law.

    • 阿那古·以斯帖 说:

      卡希夫汗,没有领导风格是最有效的。这完全取决于情况。这就是为什么一个人最好是一个情境领导者,他会根据不同的情境使用不同的风格。
      就像我说的,孩子们的领导风格是情境性的。
      祝你一切顺利!

  2. 博兹达尔,M 说:

    村长或村长拥有领导权。乡村领主的一切都是为了人民。我们可以将这位酋长置于何种领导风格中?

    • Shafaq 说:

      我觉得这是一种民主的领导方式,因为在村庄里,他们征求人民的意见,由酋长做出最终决定。

    • 拉瓦尔·萨姆森 说:

      仆人式领导,领导风格的最新趋势之一。如果村长足够聪明,他会用这种领导风格来赢得村里其他人的支持。

    • 摩西 说:

      这种领导方式很可能是专制领导。这可能是因为酋长可能对其他村民持利己主义态度,并以某种方式对他人评价很高。他更有可能练习那句老话“我的路还是高速公路”。

  3. 路易亚 说:

    你好,我是路易斯,我需要一个精力充沛的领导,请帮我准备合适的文本

    • 帕梅拉 说:

      它必须来自内部。我指的是更高层次的灵性。领导者不仅是处于等级制度的顶端,也是来自基层的成员,而且是原动力。有来自不同地方和不同管理风格的工作。还需要有一个级别较低的人,通过弥补许多人的不足,在组织中实施和执行不同的角色。作为一个人,它需要良好的工作态度和价值观(即耐心、理解、同理心、奉献、不评判、谦逊、真诚等)。否则,人们会排斥你或那个人。

  4. chemowo timothy 说:

    thanks for your presentations but i would wish that you back them with examples and references. it will make it much more reliable.

  5. Ayodele Aguisto 说:

    Political leaders should be watched by electorates before voting them into power if such a politician is the type that will suit their purpose and interest.

  6. Rev. Edward Somuah 说:

    Very good and interesting information used in my leadership seminar for my church

  7. harry 说:

    pls can u help me wit dis question? Discuss the various types of leadership and make recommendations wit concrete reasons for the types of leadership that s Gud for nigeria.

  8. Penelope Laine 说:

    Really quick and easy to follow and comprehend. It would be good to note that one person may be a blend of these dependant on their age, experience and the company they are dealing with

  9. Tshokolo 说:

    You have applied for managerial position in large business. As part of the selection process,you have been requested to put your proposed management strategy in writing for the interview panel. You realize that you need to express your ideas on both efficient management and effective leadership.
    which leadership styles are most the important?

  10. leo 说:

    The kind of leadership Philippines have now is Charismatic Leadership

  11. Shafaq 说:

    I feel this article is very nice – some examples would have been more useful for better understanding.

  12. Dammike 说:

    Good job. If you can please add some contemporary examples to the note in future, it would add a lot more context to your piece. Also, some pros and cons for each style will help us understand the topic a lot better.

  13. Dr. EK Lungu 说:

    Great information on leadership style. I will use this in my village in Zambia

  14. Eilidh Archibald 说:

    Brilliant info!! Thanks for this it has helped me pass my SQA leadership class

  15. Bella Gallegos 说:

    Yes, examples would be nice, but just think of your friends and family’s. Think of your parents, uncles or aunts, or even neighbours and your grand parents and think what sort of influence they exert on others and what sort of work ethics they have then connect dots with this material and you will have real life examples.

  16. DESIRE T GUMBO 说:

    Thanks for the lecture but can you kindly explain more about these types of leadership:
    Bureaucratic leadership
    Sage leadership
    Emperor leadership
    Monarch leadership
    Servant leadership

  17. Benedict Guma 说:

    Good notes thank you, what about Delegation style? I mean what are the key characteristics that can help distinguish delegation leadership style from any other model. At times it feels like a people don’t have any specific style or methodology, it is more of a pick and mix of various styles in different situations.

  18. David Cormier 说:

    Hi
    I would like to know who is the author of this article? Also how the author came about the studies of this materials?

    Thanks
    David Cormier

  19. Myer T.KNyanti 说:

    I have been trying to understand several leadership concepts at same time and most of the information I have come across so far had been too extensive to fully understand, but reading through this I guess I am now ready to score a good grade in my test. Cheers!

  20. Sabo Shedrack A. 说:

    You have spanciate a lot about the leadership style. Mr writer which one of these you follow or personally recommend?

  21. Nyero patrick 说:

    The information is enriching and no easily found in other usual documentations.

  22. Moses 说:

    Thanks for information.

    If the merits and demerits of each style is talked about could be so good, it will help us understand and consume the information much easily.

  23. 奥贝德·乌尔·雷赫曼 说:

    这是一个内容丰富、很好的讲座。但我尊重地表示不同意。我觉得这是四种基本领导类型的延伸。例如,民主领导、团队领导、便利领导和自由放任领导都是一样的。任务主要是委托和提供指导。变革型领导、魅力型领导和教练型领导是领导的品质,而不一定是领导风格。我宁愿让人们更容易认识到他们的领导风格。领导者必须有远见卓识,他需要指导他的追随者发展他们,并从前线领导,激励(或成为有魅力的)他的追随者。所有这些都是品质而不是风格。

  24. 苏古纳 说:

    任何关于思考领导力和倡导领导力的书籍。如果有人能解释一下他们写的关于这两个主题的书,我将不胜感激!!

  25. 细长体 说:

    当主席邀请你发表意见时。那是什么样的领导风格?邀请就像是用礼貌或花哨的话包装起来的召唤,还是他们真的是谦逊和进步的领导者,他们真的想解决眼前的问题?

  26. 本古里安 说:

    非常感谢您的学习笔记。这对我真的很有用,也是一种祝福。这给我增加了很多。我现在非常了解领导风格。谢谢

  27. 不会给我奶奶的 说:

    这些类别有太多的重叠。与其将领导风格描述为12个谨慎的方框,不如建议使用2或3个坐标轴,每个坐标轴上都有一个连续体。例如,指令vs授权,参与vs独裁。

  28. 谢丽尔·特奥多罗 说:

    乐于分享想法。很好的解释!简短但完整的感觉。非常感谢。这对我的研究很有帮助。

  29. 约克 说:

    请给我这些论文的参考资料好吗?注释是不言自明的,但每个领导模式下的大量示例将帮助我们更好地理解这个概念。

  30. 哈坦托 说:

    伟大的思想家,更大的成就者。这些注释总是有用的。

  31. 斯蒂芬妮 说:

    要成为领导者,你首先必须是一个追随者…。。知道什么时候该上台,什么时候该下台,是你学到的第一件事。

  32. 彼得·基奇 说:

    很好的分享。在阅读了莱塞-费尔(Laisez-faire)领导力之后,我开始将其与现代敏捷领导力模型进行比较,因为两者都更多地涉及参与者(利益相关者)的自我驱动。然而,挑战在于作者对领导权的放任自由的观点,即它在组织中不太受欢迎。敏捷作为一种现代系统,似乎正在引领当今时代的问题。我是否可以说是正确的,尝试并影响作者对Laisez的想法,并尝试将其更接近敏捷型作为今天的发展方向。Spark集团的公司正经历着这种情况。是 啊

  33. 麦克斯韦 说:

    哇,我没什么好说的了,我只能从这次演讲中寻求极大的赞赏。这对我真的很有帮助。非常感谢。不同领导者的详细例子真正解释了不同风格的真实性质和有效性。我认为每个领导者在被赋予特定的领导角色之前,都应该经过广泛的培训/指导。一旦他们接受了培训,他们就会知道在不同类型的场景中应该遵循哪种风格。

  34. 罗西娜·阿科尔法·克鲁 说:

    非常感谢以上讲座。在我没有名字之前,我现在知道了我所遵循的领导风格。

  35. 尼亚沙曼豪 说:

    非常好的演讲,我们的总统介绍了从内阁到各部委的仆人式领导。如果实施得当,这对民众来说是个好兆头。

  36. 说:

    幸好我正在做这方面的家庭作业。除了作业之外,我还打算在日常生活中运用其中一些风格,看看哪一种适合我。

  37. Ejaz SHAIKH 说:

    Quit a good informative info abt leadership types bt I felt that in charismatic leadership you should provide more depth, bt over all it’s up to the mark

  38. Suh I Fru Norbert 说:

    Thanks for this brief and straight-to-the- point examination of various leadership styles. However, I will to have each style illustrated by concrete and real world examples.

  39. Haimanot 说:

    What of smart notes. However, better of putting actual examples (touching country) Or preferably examples of some famous people from past of or current era who are in leadership positions from across the globe.

  40. Ms Elgiva 说:

    Thanks.Good presentation.
    I personally feel in today’s world a situational leader is the best.It is important to first study the group we are going to lead, specially their intellect and capabilities and then take the lead.
    The aim of good leadership is to make a person grow and train them to be future leaders. We must be around when they first walk the gangway. Empathy is a n important quality.

  41. Phos Sophea 说:

    Can you help to add example and activities of leader for each leadership styles, and help to detail the pros and cons and which situation to preform those styles.

  42. William Mandhlopa 说:

    servant leadership is not democratic
    servant leadership
    Greenleaf (1977) defined the “servant leader as servant first”. It begins with the natural feeling that one wants to serve. Then conscious choice brings one to aspire to lead.” The person is completely different from the one who lead first, the power that drive the lead first may be to acquire possessions, while the servant first has inner drive to serve.
    Democratic Leadership
    In this leadership style, subordinates are involved in making decisions. Unlike the autocratic style, this leadership is centered on subordinates’ contributions. The democratic leader holds final responsibility, but he or she is known to delegate authority to other people, who determine work projects.

  43. 约翰·卢 说:

    今天的人们忘记了情感领导。他们如何利用自己最好的情商,影响着人们在多元文化中,以一种非常有效的方式在澳大利亚公平工作的工作环境中工作。

  44. 埃丝特 说:

    请问领导风格和领导模式有什么区别?

  45. owoicho本杰明 说:

    教育专业文凭。多么美妙的音符啊。包括现在或过去宣布的领导人的例子。谢谢

  46. Malual Ajuut公司 说:

    请问独裁领导和军事领导有什么区别?

  47. 阿宾巴布 说:

    任何人都可以帮忙。我在哪里可以得到这项研究的pdf

  48. 德巴西斯达尔 说:

    嗯,但我想知道,对于像印度这样的国家,哪一个更合适。

    • 谢比 说:

      家长式领导;在这种管理风格下,领导者认为自己的职能是父权制或父权制。家长作风意味着爸爸最清楚。领导者与团队之间的关系与家长与家庭成员之间的关系相同。领导者作为家庭成员指导和保护他的下属。
      作为一家之主,他为下属提供良好的工作条件和附加福利。人们认为,出于感激,工人们会更加努力地工作。这种领导风格在具有特殊社会背景的日本取得了令人钦佩的成功。
      这种领导风格在印度的小公司中仍然普遍存在。然而,这种家长式的做法不太可能适用于成熟的成年员工,他们中的许多人不喜欢自己的利益被“教父”照顾它可能会在下属中产生对抗和怨恨,而不是感激。
      Despite the common fundamentals that you can follow to enhance your leadership skills, each individual should also have their own leadership style. This will be dependent on your personality and the situation you are in. Some would describe their style as ‘autocratic’, MBWA (‘management by walking about’), ‘participative’, ‘deserter’ or ‘detached’. These work well in some situations, and we are going to look at how different styles might be appropriate for your organisation.

  49. MUKISA PHILEGON KANIIKE 说:

    Am Mukisa Philegon Kaniike, a Ugandan Male Citizen.
    Am very appreciative about the presentation concerning the different styles of leadership which has greatly torched my heart in conducting a research study about my book themed: “DEVELOPING A MASTER-SERVANT HEART” soon to be finalized.
    keep it up.
    its inspirational, motivational and educative.
    Regards to all TEAM.

  50. Omara Christopher 说:

    It’s quite good,but leaders should vary them than sticking to one form for purposes of harmonising and avoiding monopolly to a leadership style.

  51. David 说:

    Depends on the situation. The leader needs to be able to adjust the leadership style as needed to serve the situation.

  52. uwagboe Rose 说:

    This is a good submission but the strategic leadership need some clarification
    job weldone

  53. Secilia Kiptoo 说:

    Thank you very much for the lecture and the feedback from other, I have used most of this in my assignment.
    I had only known the 4 leadership style, no as I am reading I see emotional is also leadership? Please explain more

  54. Cedric 说:

    This is great,congrats to the entire team.This is a Kenyan wishing you keep enlightening us

  55. Verona McCarthy 说:

    The reading provides a lot of information and clarify a few questions of my own.

  56. HAILAY SHIFARE 说:

    Which types of leadership styles are more relevant in public service organizations?

  57. 谢里亚尔 说:

    elon musk领导风格

  58. binyam endale公司 说:

    我想知道以下两者之间的区别:-
    独裁者Vs专制;
    民主Vs参与
    明确指令概念;委派的;授权领导风格

  59. binyam endale公司 说:

    组织变革与员工赋权的关系

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